User Tools

Site Tools


Sidebar

NetYCE Documentation



maintenance:general:syslog-ng_install

Syslog-ng install

NetYCE uses the public domain Syslog-NG package to provide SYSLOG services. The RedHat and CentOS distribution comes with the default rsyslogd that cannot provide the required services for the NCCM and Compliance functions.

Syslog-NG is needed for remote syslog signalling and to receive Syslog events from devices. This article describes the installation of Syslog-NG for RedHat/CentOS 6.x and 7.x in separate sections.

RHEL 6 (CentOS 6)

The required packages are not available by default through yum, so there are 2 choices: install using EPEL repo or install all packages using .rpm files both ways are documented:

option-1: YUM install

First install EPEL repo:

sudo yum --enablerepo=extras install epel-release

This installs the package:

epel-release-6-8.noarch

Then install syslog-ng and its dbi:

sudo yum install syslog-ng syslog-ng-libdbi

Sample session:

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package                 Arch          Version                Repository   Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 syslog-ng               x86_64        3.2.5-4.el6            epel        441 k
 syslog-ng-libdbi        x86_64        3.2.5-4.el6            epel         31 k
Installing for dependencies:
 eventlog                x86_64        0.2.13-1.el6           epel         17 k
 libdbi                  x86_64        0.8.3-4.el6            base         39 k
 libnet                  x86_64        1.1.6-7.el6            epel         58 k

This installs the packages:

eventlog-0.2.13-1.el6.x86_64.rpm
libdbi-0.8.3-4.el6.x86_64.rpm
libnet-1.1.6-7.el6.x86_64.rpm
syslog-ng-3.2.5-4.el6.x86_64.rpm
syslog-ng-libdbi-3.2.5-4.el6.x86_64.rpm

option-2: Manual install

Download the “rpm” packages for syslog-ng and its dependencies for RHEL6.

https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/Packages/e/eventlog-0.2.13-1.el6.x86_64.rpm

https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/Packages/l/libnet-1.1.6-7.el6.x86_64.rpm

https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/Packages/s/syslog-ng-3.2.5-4.el6.x86_64.rpm

https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/archive/fedora/linux/core/6/x86_64/os/Fedora/RPMS/libdbi-0.8.1-2.1.x86_64.rpm

https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/Packages/s/syslog-ng-libdbi-3.2.5-4.el6.x86_64.rpm

Or download this .tgz file with all aforementioned rpm files: syslog-ng-el6.tgz

After downloading, copy these files to /var/tmp/syslog-ng

Install the packages:

cd /var/tmp/syslog-ng

(in case you downloaded the .tgz file unpack this with 'cd /var/tmp/syslog-ng; gtar xvzf syslog-ng-el6.tgz')

sudo rpm -Uvh *.rpm

Remove rsyslog

The RHEL6 systems come preinstalled with rsyslog. It must be disabled, but removing it is preferred:

sudo yum erase rsyslog

This removes the package:

rsyslog-5.8.10-12.el6.x86_64

Configuration

Syslog-ng config

sudo vim /etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.conf

The Syslog-ng configuration file needs some modifications. It is best replaced with the file below if there are no customer specific changes. This config adds the 'net' facility for udp and tcp, adds dns resolving using fqdn and re-timestamping. The network syslog messages are directed to the /var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log file.

It is this log-file that will be monitored by the yce_events daemon to signal NCCM configuration changes.

syslog-ng.conf
@version:3.2
 
# syslog-ng configuration file for NetYCE.
#
# This should behave pretty much like the original syslog on RedHat.
# See syslog-ng(8) and syslog-ng.conf(5) for more information.
#
 
options {
        flush_lines (0);
        time_reopen (10);
        log_fifo_size (1000);
        long_hostnames (off);
        use_dns (yes);
        use_fqdn (yes);
        create_dirs (no);
        keep_hostname (yes);
        keep-timestamp (no);
};
 
source net {
        tcp();
        udp();
};
 
source s_sys {
        file ("/proc/kmsg" program_override("kernel: "));
        unix-stream ("/dev/log");
        internal();
        # udp(ip(0.0.0.0) port(514));
};
 
destination d_logs {
        file(
                "/var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log"
                owner("yce")
                group("nms")
                perm(0755)
        );
};
destination d_cons { file("/dev/console"); };
destination d_mesg { file("/var/log/messages"); };
destination d_auth { file("/var/log/secure"); };
destination d_mail { file("/var/log/maillog" flush_lines(10)); };
destination d_spol { file("/var/log/spooler"); };
destination d_boot { file("/var/log/boot.log"); };
destination d_cron { file("/var/log/cron"); };
destination d_kern { file("/var/log/kern"); };
destination d_mlal { usertty("*"); };
 
filter f_kernel     { facility(kern); };
filter f_default    {
        level(info..emerg) and
        not (facility(mail)
        or facility(authpriv)
        or facility(cron));
};
filter f_auth       { facility(authpriv); };
filter f_mail       { facility(mail); };
filter f_emergency  { level(emerg); };
filter f_news       {
        facility(uucp) or
        (facility(news)
        and level(crit..emerg));
};
 
filter f_boot   { facility(local7); };
filter f_cron   { facility(cron); };
 
log { source(net); destination(d_logs); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_kernel); destination(d_kern); };
#log { source(s_sys); filter(f_kernel); destination(d_cons); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_default); destination(d_mesg); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_auth); destination(d_auth); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_mail); destination(d_mail); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_emergency); destination(d_mlal); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_news); destination(d_spol); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_boot); destination(d_boot); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_cron); destination(d_cron); };
 
# end

Syslog-ng startup

Enable the syslog-ng as startup daemon and start the service

sudo chkconfig --add syslog-ng
sudo chkconfig --level 2345 syslog-ng on
sudo chkconfig --list syslog-ng
sudo service syslog-ng start

RHEL7 (CentOS 7)

The required packages are not available by default through yum, so there are 2 choices: install using EPEL repo or install all packages using .rpm files both ways are documented:

option-1: YUM install

Note: On CentOS7 yum did not seem to need EPEL-repo on the systems we worked with. But as this might be due to an earlier install where “extras: ftp.tudelft.nl” was added. To be safe, we included this step anyway.

Add EPEL support for yum

   sudo yum --enablerepo=extras install epel-release

Then, install syslog-ng and its dbi using:

   sudo yum install syslog-ng syslog-ng-libdbi

Sample session:

[email protected] /opt/yce/system
$ sudo yum install syslog-ng syslog-ng-libdbi
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
epel/x86_64/metalink                                                                   |  29 kB  00:00:00
Could not retrieve mirrorlist https://mirrors.iuscommunity.org/mirrorlist?repo=ius-centos7&arch=x86_64&protocol=http error was
14: curl#6 - "Could not resolve host: mirrors.iuscommunity.org; Unknown error"
 * base: centos.mirror.triple-it.nl
 * epel: mirror.hostnet.nl
 * extras: ftp.tudelft.nl
 * updates: mirror.vimexx.nl
base                                                                                   | 3.6 kB  00:00:00
extras                                                                                 | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
ius                                                                                    | 1.3 kB  00:00:00
mariadb                                                                                | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
mysecureshell                                                                          |  951 B  00:00:00
updates                                                                                | 2.9 kB  00:00:00
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package syslog-ng.x86_64 0:3.5.6-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: ivykis >= 0.36.1 for package: syslog-ng-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libivykis.so.0(IVYKIS_0.29)(64bit) for package: syslog-ng-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libivykis.so.0(IVYKIS_0.30)(64bit) for package: syslog-ng-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libevtlog.so.0()(64bit) for package: syslog-ng-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libivykis.so.0()(64bit) for package: syslog-ng-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libnet.so.1()(64bit) for package: syslog-ng-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64
---> Package syslog-ng-libdbi.x86_64 0:3.5.6-3.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libdbi.so.0()(64bit) for package: syslog-ng-libdbi-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package eventlog.x86_64 0:0.2.13-4.el7 will be installed
---> Package ivykis.x86_64 0:0.36.2-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package libdbi.x86_64 0:0.8.4-6.el7 will be installed
---> Package libnet.x86_64 0:1.1.6-7.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

==============================================================================================================
 Package                         Arch                  Version                      Repository           Size
==============================================================================================================
Installing:
 syslog-ng                       x86_64                3.5.6-3.el7                  epel                453 k
 syslog-ng-libdbi                x86_64                3.5.6-3.el7                  epel                 43 k
Installing for dependencies:
 eventlog                        x86_64                0.2.13-4.el7                 epel                 19 k
 ivykis                          x86_64                0.36.2-2.el7                 epel                 35 k
 libdbi                          x86_64                0.8.4-6.el7                  base                 42 k
 libnet                          x86_64                1.1.6-7.el7                  base                 59 k

Transaction Summary
==============================================================================================================
Install  2 Packages (+4 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 651 k
Installed size: 2.0 M
Is this ok [y/d/N]:

Acknowledge and installation completes automatically.

option-2: Manual install

When no yum repository is available, a manual install is needed. The syslog-ng installation has some dependencies that requires that several packages must be downloaded, transferred to the server and installed as a group using rpm.

Package namePackage versionPackage rpm-file
syslog-ng.x86_64 0:3.5.6-3.el7 syslog-ng-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64.rpm
syslog-ng-libdbi.x86_64 0:3.5.6-3.el7 syslog-ng-libdbi-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64.rpm
eventlog.x86_64 0:0.2.13-4.el7 eventlog-0.2.13-4.el7.x86_64.rpm
ivykis.x86_64 0:0.36.2-2.el7 ivykis-0.36.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm
libdbi.x86_64 0:0.8.4-6.el7 libdbi-0.8.4-6.el7.x86_64.rpm
libnet.x86_64 0:1.1.6-7.el7 libnet-1.1.6-7.el7.x86_64.rpm

Download these packages from centos.pkgs.org:

https://centos.pkgs.org/7/centos-x86_64/libnet-1.1.6-7.el7.x86_64.rpm.html

https://centos.pkgs.org/7/centos-x86_64/libdbi-0.8.4-6.el7.x86_64.rpm.html

https://centos.pkgs.org/7/epel-x86_64/ivykis-0.36.2-2.el7.x86_64.rpm.html

https://centos.pkgs.org/7/epel-x86_64/eventlog-0.2.13-4.el7.x86_64.rpm.html

https://centos.pkgs.org/7/epel-x86_64/syslog-ng-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64.rpm.html

https://centos.pkgs.org/7/epel-x86_64/syslog-ng-libdbi-3.5.6-3.el7.x86_64.rpm.html

Or download this .tgz file with all aforementioned rpm files: syslog-ng-el7.tgz

Copy the downloaded rpm files to /var/tmp/syslog-ng.

Install the packages:

cd /var/tmp/syslog-ng

(in case you downloaded the .tgz file unpack this with cd /var/tmp/syslog-ng; gtar xvzf syslog-ng-el7.tgz)

sudo rpm -Uvh *.rpm

Remove rsyslog

RHEL7 comes preinstalled with rsyslog which must be disabled. Removing the package is preferred.

sudo yum erase rsyslog

This removes the package:

rsyslog.x86_64 0:8.24.0-34.el7

Configuration

Syslog-ng config

sudo vim /etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.conf

The Syslog-ng configuration file needs some modifications. It is best replaced with the file below if there are no customer specific changes. This config adds the 'net' facility for udp and tcp, adds dns resolving using fqdn and re-timestamping. The network syslog messages are directed to the /var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log file.

It is this log-file that will be monitored by the yce_events daemon to signal NCCM configuration changes.

syslog-ng.conf
@version:3.5
@include "scl.conf"
 
# RHEL7 syslog-ng configuration file for NetYCE.
#
# This should behave pretty much like the original syslog on RedHat.
# See syslog-ng(8) and syslog-ng.conf(5) for more information.
#
# Note: it also sources additional configuration files (*.conf)
#       located in /etc/syslog-ng/conf.d/
 
options {
    flush_lines (0);
    time_reopen (10);
    log_fifo_size (1000);
    chain_hostnames (off);
    long_hostnames (off);
    use_dns (yes);
    use_fqdn (yes);
    create_dirs (no);
    keep_hostname (yes);
    keep-timestamp (no);
};
 
source net {
    tcp();
    udp();
};
 
source s_sys {
    system();
    internal();
    # udp(ip(0.0.0.0) port(514));
};
 
destination d_logs {
    file(
        "/var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log"
        owner("yce")
        group("nms")
        perm(0755)
    );
};
 
destination d_cons { file("/dev/console"); };
destination d_mesg { file("/var/log/messages"); };
destination d_auth { file("/var/log/secure"); };
destination d_mail { file("/var/log/maillog" flush_lines(10)); };
destination d_spol { file("/var/log/spooler"); };
destination d_boot { file("/var/log/boot.log"); };
destination d_cron { file("/var/log/cron"); };
destination d_kern { file("/var/log/kern"); };
destination d_mlal { usertty("*"); };
 
filter f_kernel     { facility(kern); };
filter f_default    {
    level(info..emerg) and
    not (facility(mail)
    or facility(authpriv)
    or facility(cron));
};
filter f_auth       { facility(authpriv); };
filter f_mail       { facility(mail); };
filter f_emergency  { level(emerg); };
filter f_news       {
    facility(uucp) or
    (facility(news)
    and level(crit..emerg));
};
filter f_boot   { facility(local7); };
filter f_cron   { facility(cron); };
 
log { source(net); destination(d_logs); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_kernel); destination(d_kern); };
#log { source(s_sys); filter(f_kernel); destination(d_cons); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_default); destination(d_mesg); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_auth); destination(d_auth); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_mail); destination(d_mail); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_emergency); destination(d_mlal); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_news); destination(d_spol); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_boot); destination(d_boot); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_cron); destination(d_cron); };
 
 
# Source additional configuration files (.conf extension only)
@include "/etc/syslog-ng/conf.d/*.conf"
 
# vim:ft=syslog-ng:ai:si:ts=4:sw=4:et:

Syslog-ng startup

Start the syslog-ng service

systemctl start syslog-ng

ps -ef | grep syslog

And enable to start at boot time too

systemctl enable syslog-ng

Yce_events configuration

After receiving a syslog message the syslog daemon (syslog-ng) will append it to the log file /var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log. It is another daemon, yce_events, that will monitor the messages in this log and try to match it against the various patterns in its configuration file. The matching messages can trigger an NCCM configuration fetch and subsequent compliance check.

To prevent continuous NCCM updates, the setup of each pattern uses a window of 10 minutes for each unique nodename or ip-address before retrieving the updated configuration. Some vendors will issue syslog messages for each command line changing the configuration, others may only signal once after a completed commit. For consistency reasons, it is recommended to keep the 'fetch-after-signal' delay a universal 10 minutes. But is desired, the window of 600 can be adjusted per message pattern to suit the environment.

The yce_event daemon is also responsible for resolving nodenames from the traditionally used ip-address and performs the required deduplication of messages when multiple message sources are used.

The yce_events configuration file is /opt/yce/etc/yce_events.conf. The configuration file lists the log-message patterns that signal a configuration change for the various NetYCE vendor modules. The initial distributed version of this configuration file can be found in /opt/yce/system/yce_events.conf. It is automatically copied to /opt/yce/etc when the configuration file cannot be found there.

Changes can be made to the “etc” version of the configuration file to suit the environment. If the syslog messages are not received directly from the devices but are forwarded using a different syslog receiver, the format of the messages are likely to have changed, requiring modified matching patterns in the configuration file.

As these message formats are different per syslog-receiver, NetYCE will gladly collect and provide patterns for the various syslog receivers. A “Kiwi” syslog-receiver file is listed underneath the vanilla yce_events.conf.

The file below reflects the current distribution configuration:

yce_events.conf
#
# (c) NetYCE, 2019
#
# yce_events configuration to detect configuration changes
# from network devices syslog messages
#
#
#------------------------------------------------------------
# Program options
#------------------------------------------------------------
#
type=StartupOptions
detach=yes
user=yce
group=nms
pid=/var/opt/yce/jobs/yce_events.pid
input=/var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log
log=/var/opt/yce/logs/yce_events.log
#
#
#------------------------------------------------------------
# Vendor Patterns
#------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Juniper
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=.*\s(.*)\smgd\[\d+\]:\sUI_COMMIT_PROGRESS:(.*)commit\scomplete
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# F5 BIGIP (still in development mode)
#
# Sample output for a config change:
# Jul 29 16:12:40 f5.netyce.org debug mcpd[4487]: Setting the master key from memory.
# Jul 29 16:12:40 f5.netyce.org debug mcpd[4487]: save_master_key(7) called
# Jul 29 16:12:40 f5.netyce.org debug mcpd[4487]: Saving the new version of Master key file.
# Jul 29 16:12:40 f5.netyce.org debug mcpd[4487]: Wrote the new version of Master key file.
# Jul 29 16:12:40 f5.netyce.org debug mcpd[4487]: Wrote the new version of Recovery key file.
# Jul 29 16:12:40 f5.netyce.org debug mcpd[4487]: notify_master_key: notification sent.
# Jul 29 16:12:41 f5.netyce.org notice tmsh[10999]: 01420002:5: AUDIT - pid=10999 user=root folder=/Common module=(tmos)# status=[Command OK] cmd_data=save /sys config
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[\w]{3} [\d]{1,2} [\S]{8} (\S*) notice [\w]+\[\d+\]: .* AUDIT - .* status=\[Command OK\] cmd_data=save .* config
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# HP_C7 normal save or save main
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s{1,2}\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s(.*)\s%%10SHELL\/6\/SHELL_CMD_CONFIRM:\sConfirm\soption\sof\scommand\ssave\s
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# HP_C7 normal save main force or save force
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s(.*)\s%%10SHELL\/6\/SHELL_CMD:\s.*Command\sis\ssave\s
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# Arista_EOS
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s(.*)\sConfigAgent:\s%SYS-5-CONFIG_STARTUP:\sStartup\sconfig\ssaved
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# Cisco_Nexus
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s((\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3}))\s:\s\d{4}\s[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s[A-Z]{3}:\s%VSHD-5-VSHD_SYSLOG_CONFIG_I:\sConfigured\sfrom
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# Cisco_IOS
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s((\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3}))\s\d+:\s+\*[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}(:|.\d{3}:)\s%SYS-5-CONFIG_I:\sConfigured
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# HP_C5 normal save, save main, save main force or save force
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s(.*)\s%%10CFM/5/CFM_SAVECONFIG_SUCCESSFULLY\(l\):\sConfiguration\sis\ssaved\ssuccessfully
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# Avaya_ERS save
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}\s(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s(.*)\s:Trap:\s\sbsnConfigurationSavedToNvram
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# CI_6 save configuration
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}\s((\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3}))\s\[[a-z]{5}\]\s((\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3}))\s([0-9A-Fa-f]{2}[:-]){5}([0-9A-Fa-f]{2})\s\d{4}\sCONFIG-5-CONFIG_SAVE:
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
#------------------------------------------------------------
# External worker script
#------------------------------------------------------------
#
#type=SingleWithScript
#ptype=RegExp
#pattern=config_changed_for_(\S+)
#script=/opt/yce/bin/config_change.pl -l -d 2 -n $1
#desc=$0
#action=write - normal save OR save main node $1 matches.
#
#------------------------------------------------------------
# Internal worker script
#------------------------------------------------------------
#
type=SingleWithSub
ptype=RegExp
pattern=config_changed_for_(\S+)
sub=yce_nccm
arg=$1
desc=$0
action=write - normal save OR save main node $1 matches.

Yce_events.conf version for Kiwi:

yce_events.conf
#
# (c) NetYCE, 2020
#
# yce_events configuration to detect configuration changes
# from network devices syslog messages
#
#
#------------------------------------------------------------
# Program options
#------------------------------------------------------------
#
type=StartupOptions
detach=yes
user=yce
group=nms
pid=/var/opt/yce/jobs/yce_events.pid
input=/var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log
log=/var/opt/yce/logs/yce_events.log
#
#
#------------------------------------------------------------
# Vendor Patterns
#------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Juniper
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=.*\s(.*)\smgd\[\d+\]:\sUI_COMMIT_PROGRESS:(.*)commit\scomplete
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# F5 BIGIP (still in development mode)
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[\w]{3} [\d]{1,2} [\S]{8} (\S*) notice [\w]+\[\d+\]: .* AUDIT - .* status=\[Command OK\] cmd_data=save .* config
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# HP_C7 normal save or save main
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s.*\sOriginal\sAddress=(\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3})\s[a-zA-z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s\d+.*%%10CFGMAN/5/CFGMAN_CFGCHANGED
desc=config save for $1 
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# HP_C7 normal save main force or save force
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s(.*)\s%%10SHELL\/6\/SHELL_CMD:\s.*Command\sis\ssave\s
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# Arista_EOS
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s(.*)\sConfigAgent:\s%SYS-5-CONFIG_STARTUP:\sStartup\sconfig\ssaved
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# Cisco_Nexus
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s.*\sOriginal\sAddress[\s|=](\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3})\s:\s\d{4}\s[A-Za-z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\.\d{3}\s[A-Z]{3,4}:\s\%VSHD-5-VSHD_SYSLOG_CONFIG_I:\sConfigured\sfrom
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# Cisco_IOS
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s.*\sOriginal\sAddress[\s|=](\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3})\s\d+:.*%SYS-5-CONFIG_I:\sConfigured
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# Cisco_XR
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s.*\sOriginal\sAddress=(\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3})\s[a-zA-z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}.\d{3}\s[A-Z]{3}:\s+\d+:\sRP\/\d\/RSP\d\/CPU\d:[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}.\d{3}\s[A-Z]{3}:\sconfig\[\d+\]:\s%MGBL-SYS-5-CONFIG_I\s:\sConfigured
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# HP_C5 normal save, save main, save main force or save force 
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s.*\sOriginal\sAddress=(\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3})\s[a-zA-z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s\d+.*%%10CFGMAN/5/CFGMAN_CFGCHANGED
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# HP_C5 different timestamp
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s+\d{1,2}\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s.*\sOriginal\sAddress=(\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3}\.\d{1,3})\s\d{4}-\d{2}-\d{2}T\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}.*\s%%10CFGMAN/5/CFGMAN_CFGCHANGED
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
#
# Avaya_ERS save
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}\s(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\s\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}:\d{2}\s(.*)\s:Trap:\s\sbsnConfigurationSavedToNvram
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
# CI_6 save configuration
#
type=SingleWithSuppress
ptype=RegExp
pattern=[a-zA-Z]{3}\s\d{1,2}\s\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}:\d{1,2}\s((\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3}))\s\[[a-z]{5}\]\s((\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3})\.(\d{1,3}))\s([0-9A-Fa-f]{2}[:-]){5}([0-9A-Fa-f]{2})\s\d{4}\sCONFIG-5-CONFIG_SAVE:
desc=config save for $1
action=event config_changed_for_$1
window=600
#
#------------------------------------------------------------
# External worker script
#------------------------------------------------------------
#
#type=SingleWithScript
#ptype=RegExp
#pattern=config_changed_for_(\S+)
#script=/opt/yce/bin/config_change.pl -l -d 2 -n $1
#desc=$0
#action=write - normal save OR save main node $1 matches.
#
#------------------------------------------------------------
# Internal worker script
#------------------------------------------------------------
#
type=SingleWithSub
ptype=RegExp
pattern=config_changed_for_(\S+)
sub=yce_nccm
arg=$1
desc=$0
action=write - normal save OR save main node $1 matches.

The NCCM matching patterns used above are verified. NetYCE collected other patterns that are supposedly usable for the same purpose but have not been verified, not are known to which vendor they belong.

These patterns are:

Startexecuting:set
Startexecuting:saveconfig
(?:PIX|ASA)-5-611103
cli.*USER.*COMMAND
AUDIT-.*modify
AUDIT-user\S+.*modify
SYS-6-CFG_CHG
SMETELNETfrom
SYS-5-CONFIG_I
CSCOacs
AAA-5-AAA_AUTH_ADMIN_USER:aaa.(.*)[\t]for[\t]admin[\t]user[\t]'(.*)'
SYSTEM_RESET
Leavingconfigurationmode
AUDIT-user\S+.*_delete
,set,
(?:PIX|ASA|FWSM)-5-111005
HWCM
(?:PIX|ASA)-5-199001
AUDIT-.*delete
SYS-5-CONFIG
command:sy.*
FWSM-6-605005
MANAGERMode
OSAPI-5-CLEAN_TASK:\s*osapi_task.c:(?:.*)cleaning\s*up\s*exited\s*task
Commandissy.*
Configurationchangedby
apache:.*POST
,delete,
daemonsys_message:installed
(?:PIX|ASA)-5-111005
Acceptedpasswordfor
,edit
SYSLOG_CONFIG
,commit,

syslog messages from different vendors

Vendor Message
JunOS Feb 19 15:23:06 <NODE-NAME> mgd[5053]: UI_COMMIT_COMPLETED: commit complete
Cisco Nexus Feb 19 15:46:57 192.168.178.21 : 2020 Feb 19 14:46:59 UTC: %VSHD-5-VSHD_SYSLOG_CONFIG_I: Configured from vty by NetYCE on [email protected]/0
Cisco IOS Feb 19 16:04:19 192.168.178.66 19: *Mar 1 00:03:44: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by admin on vty0 (192.168.178.25)
Cisco XR Feb 19 16:32:31 192.168.178.67 35: RP/0/0/CPU0:Feb 19 15:32:32.232 : config[65828]: %MGBL-CONFIG-6-DB_COMMIT : Configuration committed by user 'admin'. Use 'show configuration commit changes 1000000035' to view the changes.
Cisco XE Feb 19 17:26:01 192.168.178.57 54: *Feb 19 16:26:02.806: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by admin on vty0 (192.168.178.25)
BIGIP F5 Feb 19 17:37:39 <FQDN> notice tmsh[8828]: 01420002:5: AUDIT - pid=8828 user=root folder=/Common module=(tmos)# status=[Command OK] cmd_data=save /sys config
HP C5 Feb 21 16:38:52 TE–RN01001 10SHELL/6/SHELL_CMD(l): -Task=vt0-IPAddr=192.168.178.25-User=admin; Command is save | | HP C7 | Feb 19 17:48:55 <NODE-NAME> 10SHELL/6/SHELL_CMD_CONFIRM: Confirm option of command save is yes.
Arista EOS Feb 19 17:56:48 <NODE-NAME> ConfigAgent: %SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by admin on vty3 (192.168.178.25)
Aruba Feb 20 11:52:41 <NODE-NAME> «NODE-NAME> 192.168.178.169> cli[5770]: USER:[email protected] NODE:“/mm/mynode” COMMAND:<write memory> – command executed successfully
HP C5 Feb 21 16:39:05 TE–RN01001 %%10SHELL/6/SHELL_CMD(l): -Task=vt0-IPAddr=192.168.178.25-User=admin; Command is save force

Remarks

syslog-ng

- syslog-ng is not managed by yce_psmon. It must be started as system facility

- DNS (reverse) resolver is not used in syslog-ng. Since NetYCE requires only a small subset of syslog events to catch configuration changes, this task befalls yce_events

- The syslog logfile, /var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log, potentially receives way too much info if ALL syslog messages are sent or forwarded to NetYCE. There is currently no filtering on incoming syslog messages.

- log rotation '/var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log' to be added to log_maint.pl. Will require the daemon to be restarted.

Testlog.pl

To perform functional and performance tests on the syslog-ng / yce_events setup the following perl script could be used as a base for generating spoofed syslog messages.

testlog.pl
#!/opt/ycelib/perl/bin/perl
#
#
 
use lib "/opt/yce/YCE";
use Common;
use File::Basename;
use Time::HiRes qw(gettimeofday tv_interval sleep);
use Time::Local;
use Data::Dumper;
$Data::Dumper::Indent = 1;
 
# use strict;
# use warnings;
 
use Sys::Syslog qw(:standard :extended :macros);
 
$loghost = '172.17.10.28';
# $proto = 'udp';
$proto = 'tcp';
# $proto = 'inet';
 
$ident = '172.17.10.21';
$logopt = "ndelay,pid";
$facility = "net";
 
$rc = setlogsock($proto, $loghost);
print "setlogsock -> $rc\n";
 
$rc = openlog($ident, $logopt, $facility);
print "openlog -> $rc\n";
 
$level = 'info';
$message = "A $facility.$level syslog message to $loghost from $ident using $proto from $0:$$";
 
 
print "sending: $message\n";
$rc = syslog("$level", $message);
print "syslog -> $rc\n";
 
1;
maintenance/general/syslog-ng_install.txt · Last modified: 2020/07/02 15:49 by jbosch