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maintenance:general:rhel_installation_guide

Install NetYCE on RHEL/Centos 7

This installation guide installs NetYCE version 7.x on a Redhat 7 or Centos 7 physical or virtual x86_64 platform.

References to EL or RHEL refer to RedHat Enterprise Linux or CentOS Linux. All OS versions and packages are required to use the x86_64 architecture, that is x86 processors running 64-bit. The installation applies to both physical and virtual platform deployments.

Introduction

The choice of operating system (Redhat or CentOS), disk filesystem layout, installed packages, and security hardening are mostly defined by the customers common practice. NetYCE does have some requirements on disk-usage and directory-trees that may warrant filesystem allocations, and we do rely on a specific functional user, yce that requires some sudo permissions.

A basic set of packages should be installed which will later be amended by specific NetYCE software. The basic OS installation can easily be realized by the customer, but we recommend the NetYCE software installation and configuration to be a joint effort.

During the first install of the NetYCE software packages, the configuration preferences and details of the NetYCE system and its architecture will be defined and initialized. Subsequent software upgrades and patches can be installed by the application manager using the NetYCE front-end without requiring system privileges. Only on some major upgrades will those be required.

The NetYCE software installation consists of two self-installing packages, YCE and YCEperl, a sample database and a license file. The installation depends on MariaDB (mysql server), apache (http server), fping and some standard distribution packages (openssl, tftp, ftp, ssh, telnet, gtar, etc). Mysecureshell is a non standard distribution package we use for sftp jail functionality.

Please check the prerequisites before contuining.

System specification

The hardware requirements of NetYCE are moderate by itself although much depends on the intended level of use and the application architecture selected.

In general we suggest to deploy two NetYCE servers in different data centers attached to Network Management (NMS) networks. These systems will provide both front-end (user and network facing) functions AND a database function. These functions can be configured to provide live failover and backup services by means of master-master replication. The front-end functions support 10-20 simultaneous users and can execute several thousand config changes per hour.

For such deployments a physical or virtual x86 server needs to have at least two CPU cores and 4 GB of memory, but 4 cores and 8 GB memory is recommended.

Disk space can be local or SAN based and should not exceed 100 GB. This disk space is allotted to a single filesystem or split across several, depending on system management preferences.

/ - 4 to 15 GB (OS root, bin, usr, lib, opt, etc)
/opt/yce - 500 MB
/opt/nms - 500 MB
/opt/ycelib - 800 MB
/var/opt/yce - 3 to 8 GB (logs and working data)
/var/opt/shared - 6 to 12 GB (os-files)
/var/opt/mysql -  4 to 16 GB (mysql data)

The provided image has an expanding virtual disk of 500G.

Centos

  • root password: NetYCE01
  • Group: nms, gid: 8000
  • User: yce, uid: 1000, password: NetYCE01
  • Timezone: Europe/Amsterdam
  • firewall: disabled

partition layout

  • sda1: /boot, xfs, 2G, primary
  • sda2: lvm, 1x PV, 1x VG
    • swap 4G, name: swap
    • /, xfs, rest of disk, name: rootvol

After initial OS install

First we make sure the 'yce' user exists. Any step afterwards is to be executed by the 'yce' user, unless stated otherwise.

Change user/group

groupadd -g 8000 nms
adduser -g nms -u 1000 -N -p '$6$Ou7BTBsmCa/hZ$qIbX6BATWHAL26mXR2vfqFenev8K26KMQC1YZbeq2JG27CAOHmd2WSUF1FJyLiMDTV.2WVksKxl0dZLvZtDuW/' yce
passwd -i -1 yce
 
# "Changing yce user group to nms"
usermod -g nms -G '' -c "NetYCE user" yce
# "Removing temporary group yce"
groupdel yce
 
adduser -M -g nms -u 1000 -d /var/opt/shared -s /bin/MySecureShell -o -N -p '$6$DepSUhWyiC6Ox$2w.jWJx7Qxd2wWkeMfhcFwGJNqC7DcJUkkw8B5Ukgey8rawN4f2gDn52nMpyAnOKzj3J1opmbu9dpdryLouq00' ycicle
passwd -i -1 ycicle

Log out and log in with the 'yce' user.

Packages

sudo /usr/bin/yum install -y epel-release

sudo /usr/bin/yum install -y bzip2 crontabs curl dhcp dkms findutils fping ftp git httpd iproute iputils less man man-pages MariaDB-client MariaDB-server mtr mysecureshell nano net-snmp net-snmp-utils nfs-utils nfs4-acl-tools ntp ntpdate openssh-clients openssh-server openssl php postfix python2-pip python3 python3-pip rpcbind rsync sed sudo syslog-ng syslog-ng-libdbi tar telnet tftp traceroute unzip vim-enhanced vsftpd wget which yum-utils zip mod_ssl

sudo /usr/bin/yum -y update

sudo /usr/bin/yum clean all

Files

All files have 644 permissions and 'yce:nms' owned unless stated otherwise.

This is a file, since it contains special characters.

bash_profile

/home/yce/.bash_profile
.bash_profile

bashrc

/home/yce/.bashrc

# .bashrc

# User specific aliases and functions

# Source global definitions
if [ -f /etc/bashrc ]; then
	. /etc/bashrc
fi

# Uncomment the following line if you don't like systemctl's auto-paging feature:
# export SYSTEMD_PAGER=

# Source alias definitions
if [ -f ~/.shell_aliases ]; then
	. ~/.shell_aliases
fi

shell_aliases

/home/yce/.shell_aliases and /root/.shell_aliases

export PAGER="less"
export EDITOR="vim"
alias l='ls -lF'
alias ll='ls -lhF'
alias llt='ls -latrF'
alias lr='ls -latrF'
alias la='ls -ahF'
alias lla='ls -lahF'
alias lc='ls -CaF'
alias p='ping'
alias pst='ps axjf'
alias t='telnet'
alias n='nslookup'
alias o='less'
if [ -x /usr/bin/vim ]; then
  alias vi='vim'
fi
alias grep='grep --color=auto'
alias gerp='grep --color=auto'
alias ip='ip --color'
alias ip4='ip -4 --color --brief addr | grep -v UNKNOWN'
alias ip6='ip -6 --color --brief addr | grep -v UNKNOWN'

vimrc

/home/yce/.vimrc

set ts=4
set sw=4
set ai
set noerrorbells
set formatoptions-=r

sudo

/etc/sudoers.d/yce, root:root, 600

# Yce
Cmnd_Alias YCE = /opt/yce/system/init/yce_tftpd, /opt/yce/system/init/yce_netmon

# Services
Cmnd_Alias SERVICES =  /usr/bin/systemctl, /sbin/service, /sbin/chkconfig

# Installation and management of software
Cmnd_Alias SOFTWARE = /bin/rpm, /usr/bin/up2date, /usr/bin/yum

# Processes
Cmnd_Alias PROCESSES = /bin/nice, /bin/kill, /usr/bin/kill, /usr/bin/killall, /usr/bin/pkill

# Networking
Cmnd_Alias NETWORKING = /usr/sbin/ss, /usr/sbin/ip, /bin/ping, /usr/sbin/dhclient, /usr/sbin/iptables, /usr/sbin/ifstat, /usr/sbin/ethtool

# Storage
# Cmnd_Alias STORAGE = /sbin/fdisk, /sbin/sfdisk, /sbin/parted, /sbin/partprobe, /bin/mount, /bin/umount

# Delegating permissions
Cmnd_Alias DELEGATING = /usr/sbin/visudo, /usr/bin/chown, /usr/bin/chmod, /usr/bin/chgrp

Defaults    !requiretty

#==== YCE user group 'nms'
# Below are a few examples.
# For production the MINIMUM profile might be a good start.
# For testing, the MAINTENANCE is regularly used.

# MINIMUM
# No password required for YCE applications, ALL other applications are allowed with a password.
# %nms ALL = PASSWD:ALL, NOPASSWD:YCE, SERVICES

# MAINTENANCE
# No password required for YCE applications and services and processes. NO other applications are allowed to run at all!
%nms ALL = PASSWD:ALL, NOPASSWD:YCE, SERVICES, PROCESSES

# Same, but all applications are allowed if you know the password.
# %nms ALL = PASSWD:ALL, NOPASSWD:YCE, SERVICES, PROCESSES

# DEVELOPMENT
# %nms ALL = PASSWD:ALL, NOPASSWD:SOFTWARE, YCE, SERVICES, PROCESSES
# %nms ALL = PASSWD:ALL, NOPASSWD:DELEGATING, NETWORKING, SOFTWARE, YCE, SERVICES, PROCESSES

bash_profile (root)

/root/.bash_profile

# .bash_profile
#
# NetYCE, 2021
#
 
# Get the aliases and functions
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
	. ~/.bashrc
fi
 
# User specific environment and startup programs
if [ -r "/opt/yce/system/go" ]; then
	source "/opt/yce/system/go"
else
	echo "Skipping 'go'"
fi
 
PATH=$PATH:$HOME/bin
 
PATH=/usr/local/sbin:/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/root/bin:/root/bin:/opt/yce/bin:/opt/yce/system
export PATH
 
export PS1='\e[32m\[email protected]\h\e[0m \w\n# '
 
if [ -f /etc/DIR_COLORS ]; then
    alias ls='ls -N --color=tty -T 0 '
fi
 
echo "  "
if [ -x "/opt/yce/system/net_setup.pl" ]; then
	/opt/yce/system/net_setup.pl -w
else
	echo "ERROR: cannot start net_setup.pl"
fi
 
echo "  "
echo "  You can setup the networking by logging in "
echo "  as 'root' and using"
echo "    /opt/yce/system/net_setup.pl"
echo "  "
echo "  YCE setup can be restarted as 'yce' user using"
echo "    /opt/yce/system/yce_setup.pl"
echo "  "

bashrc (root)

/root/.bashrc

# .bashrc
 
# User specific aliases and functions
 
# alias rm='rm -i'
# alias cp='cp -i'
# alias mv='mv -i'
 
# Source global definitions
if [ -f /etc/bashrc ]; then
	. /etc/bashrc
fi
 
# Uncomment the following line if you don't like systemctl's auto-paging feature:
# export SYSTEMD_PAGER=
 
# Source alias definitions
if [ -f ~/.shell_aliases ]; then
	. ~/.shell_aliases
fi

General

All files need to be changed with root privileges.

/etc/systemd/journald.conf

# or your desired value
SystemMaxUse=200M

/etc/environment

LANG=en_US.utf-8
LC_ALL=en_US.utf-8

/etc/sysconfig/ntpdate

SYNC_HWCLOCK=yes

/etc/sysconfig/clock

ZONE="Europe/Amsterdam"
UTC="yes"

/etc/selinux/config

SELINUX=disabled

Yce dirs

sudo mkdir -p /var/opt
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/shared
sudo mkdir -p /opt
sudo mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d/
sudo mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/httpd.service.d/
sudo mkdir -p /etc/systemd/system/chronyd.service.d/
 
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/mysql
sudo mkdir -p /opt/ycelib
sudo mkdir -p /opt/yce
sudo mkdir -p /opt/nms
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/backup
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/backup/.tmp
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/configs
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/download
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/jobs
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/logs
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/configs
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/output
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/download/users
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/download/documentation
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/download/.tmp
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/download/client
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/yce/shared
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/shared/public/acs
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/shared/public/os
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/shared/public/previous
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/shared/public/users
sudo mkdir -p /var/opt/shared/public/.tmp
sudo mkdir -p /home/yce/.ssh
 
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/mysql
sudo chown yce:nms /opt/ycelib
sudo chown yce:nms /opt/yce
sudo chown yce:nms /opt/nms
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/backup
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/backup/.tmp
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/configs
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/download
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/jobs
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/logs
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/configs
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/output
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/download/users
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/download/documentation
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/download/.tmp
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/download/client
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/yce/shared
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/shared/public/acs
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/shared/public/os
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/shared/public/previous
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/shared/public/users
sudo chown yce:nms /var/opt/shared/public/.tmp
sudo chown yce:nms /home/yce/.ssh

Repositories

Create the files with root privileges.

/etc/yum.repos.d/MySecureShell.repo

[MySecureShell]
baseurl = http://mysecureshell.free.fr/repository/index.php/centos/6.4/
enabled = 1
gpgcheck = 0
name = MySecureShell

/etc/yum.repos.d/MariaDB.repo

[MariaDB]
baseurl = http://yum.mariadb.org/10.3/centos7-amd64
enabled = 1
gpgcheck = 1
gpgkey = https://yum.mariadb.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-MariaDB
name = http://downloads.mariadb.org/mariadb/repositories/

Packages

sudo yum install -y bzip2 crontabs curl dhcp dkms findutils file fping ftp git httpd iproute iputils less man man-pages MariaDB-client MariaDB-server mod_ssl mtr mysecureshell nano net-snmp net-snmp-utils nfs-utils nfs4-acl-tools ntp ntpdate openssh-clients openssh-server openssl php postfix python2-pip python3 python3-pip rpcbind rsync sed sudo syslog-ng syslog-ng-libdbi tar telnet tftp traceroute unzip vim-enhanced vsftpd wget which yum-utils zip

sudo yum remove -y rsyslog

sudo python2 -m pip install -U pip==20.3.4 pexpect

sudo python3 -m pip install -U pip setuptools

as yce user:

python3 -m pip install -U xmltodict ncclient PyYAML pexpect pymysql netyce requests

If running VMware:

sudo yum install -y open-vm-tools
sudo systemctl enable vmtoolsd

If running HyperV:

/etc/dracut.conf.d/hyperv.conf, root:root, 644

add_drivers+="hv_vmbus hv_storvsc hv_netvsc hv_utils hv_balloon hyperv-keyboard hyperv_fb hid-hyperv"
sudo dracut -f

yce perl

as yce user:

wget https://wiki.netyce.com/lib/exe/fetch.php/downloads:yceperl_7.0.2.bin -O /tmp/yceperl.bin
chmod +x /tmp/yceperl.bin
/tmp/yceperl.bin

rm /tmp/yceperl.bin

yce license

mkdir /opt/yce/etc
wget https://wiki.netyce.com/lib/exe/fetch.php/downloads:system_updates:genesis_license_v7.txt -O /opt/yce/etc/yce_license

Install NetYCE

Download the desired version from the download page.

sh $downloaded_file
 
rm $downloaded_file

Service setup

sudo ln -s /opt/yce/system/init/mariadb.service.d-yce.conf /etc/systemd/system/mariadb.service.d/yce.conf
sudo ln -s /opt/yce/system/init/httpd.service.d-yce.conf /etc/systemd/system/httpd.service.d/yce.conf
sudo cp /opt/yce/system/init/yce_psmon.service /etc/systemd/system/yce_psmon.service
sudo chmod 664 /etc/systemd/system/yce_psmon.service

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

/etc/snmp/snmpd.conf, root:root, 600

# Map 'readsys' community to the 'ConfigUser'
# Map 'readall' community to the 'AllUser'
#       sec.name        source          community
com2sec ConfigUser      default         readsys
com2sec AllUser         default         readall

# Map 'ConfigUser' to 'ConfigGroup' for SNMP Version 2c
# Map 'AllUser' to 'AllGroup' for SNMP Version 2c
#                       sec.model       sec.name
group   ConfigGroup     v2c             ConfigUser
group   AllGroup        v2c             AllUser

# Define 'SystemView', which includes everything under .1.3.6.1.2.1.1 (or .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1)
# Define 'AllView', which includes everything under .1
#                       incl/excl       subtree
view    SystemView      included        .1.3.6.1.2.1.1
view    SystemView      included        .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.1
view    AllView         included        .1

# Give 'ConfigGroup' read access to objects in the view 'SystemView'
# Give 'AllGroup' read access to objects in the view 'AllView'
#                       context model   level   prefix  read            write   notify
access  ConfigGroup     ""      any     noauth  exact   SystemView      none    none
access  AllGroup        ""      any     noauth  exact   AllView         none    none

/etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.conf, root:root, 600

@version:3.5
@include "scl.conf"
 
# RHEL7 syslog-ng configuration file for NetYCE.
#
# This should behave pretty much like the original syslog on RedHat.
# See syslog-ng(8) and syslog-ng.conf(5) for more information.
#
# Note: it also sources additional configuration files (*.conf)
#       located in /etc/syslog-ng/conf.d/
 
options {
    flush_lines (0);
    time_reopen (10);
    log_fifo_size (1000);
    chain_hostnames (off);
    use_dns (yes);
    use_fqdn (yes);
    create_dirs (no);
    keep_hostname (yes);
    keep-timestamp (no);
};
 
source net {
    tcp();
    udp();
};
 
source s_sys {
    system();
    internal();
    # udp(ip(0.0.0.0) port(514));
};
 
destination d_logs {
    file(
        "/var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log"
        owner("yce")
        group("nms")
        perm(0644)
    );
};
 
destination d_cons { file("/dev/console"); };
destination d_mesg { file("/var/log/messages"); };
destination d_auth { file("/var/log/secure"); };
destination d_mail { file("/var/log/maillog" flush_lines(10)); };
destination d_spol { file("/var/log/spooler"); };
destination d_boot { file("/var/log/boot.log"); };
destination d_cron { file("/var/log/cron"); };
destination d_kern { file("/var/log/kern"); };
destination d_mlal { usertty("*"); };
 
filter f_kernel     { facility(kern); };
filter f_default    {
    level(info..emerg) and
    not (facility(mail)
    or facility(authpriv)
    or facility(cron));
};
filter f_auth       { facility(authpriv); };
filter f_mail       { facility(mail); };
filter f_emergency  { level(emerg); };
filter f_news       {
    facility(uucp) or
    (facility(news)
    and level(crit..emerg));
};
filter f_boot   { facility(local7); };
filter f_cron   { facility(cron); };
 
log { source(net); destination(d_logs); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_kernel); destination(d_kern); };
#log { source(s_sys); filter(f_kernel); destination(d_cons); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_default); destination(d_mesg); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_auth); destination(d_auth); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_mail); destination(d_mail); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_emergency); destination(d_mlal); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_news); destination(d_spol); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_boot); destination(d_boot); };
log { source(s_sys); filter(f_cron); destination(d_cron); };
 
 
# Source additional configuration files (.conf extension only)
@include "/etc/syslog-ng/conf.d/*.conf"

/etc/logrotate.d/syslog-ng

/var/opt/yce/logs/syslog-ng.log {
    missingok
    notifempty
    start 0
    rotate 9
    nodateext
    nocompress
    maxsize 50M
    daily
    create 0644 yce nms
    postrotate
        /bin/kill -HUP `cat /var/run/syslogd.pid` >/dev/null 2>/dev/null || true
        /bin/kill -USR2 `cat /var/opt/yce/jobs/yce_events.pid` >/dev/null 2>/dev/null || true
    endscript
}

/etc/logrotate.d/vsftpd

#
# NetYCE 2020
# see /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
#
/var/opt/yce/logs/ftpxfer.log
/var/opt/yce/logs/vsftpd.log
{
    missingok
    notifempty
    start 0
    rotate 9
    nodateext
    nocompress
    maxsize 2M
    daily
    create 0644 yce nms
    postrotate
        /usr/bin/pkill -HUP /usr/sbin/vsftpd >/dev/null 2>/dev/null || true
    endscript
}

/etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf

#
# NetYCE 2016, 2020
#
anonymous_enable=NO
local_enable=YES
write_enable=YES
local_umask=002
dirmessage_enable=YES
connect_from_port_20=YES
chroot_list_enable=YES
listen=NO
listen_ipv6=YES

pam_service_name=vsftpd
userlist_enable=YES
tcp_wrappers=YES

xferlog_enable=YES
xferlog_std_format=YES
dual_log_enable=YES
userlist_log=YES
log_ftp_protocol=YES
xferlog_file=/var/opt/yce/logs/ftpxfer.log
vsftpd_log_file=/var/opt/yce/logs/vsftpd.log

local_root=/var/opt/shared
secure_chroot_dir=/var/opt/shared
chown_username=yce.nms
guest_enable=NO
force_dot_files=NO
hide_file={.yce_prop}
delete_failed_uploads=YES

/etc/vsftpd/chroot_list

ycicle

/etc/ssh/sshd_config

#   $OpenBSD: sshd_config,v 1.80 2008/07/02 02:24:18 djm Exp $

# This is the sshd server system-wide configuration file.  See
# sshd_config(5) for more information.

# This sshd was compiled with PATH=/usr/local/bin:/bin:/usr/bin

# The strategy used for options in the default sshd_config shipped with
# OpenSSH is to specify options with their default value where
# possible, but leave them commented.  Uncommented options change a
# default value.

#Port 22
#AddressFamily any
#ListenAddress 0.0.0.0
#ListenAddress ::

# Disable legacy (protocol version 1) support in the server for new
# installations. In future the default will change to require explicit
# activation of protocol 1
Protocol 2

HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key
HostKey /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key

# Lifetime and size of ephemeral version 1 server key
#KeyRegenerationInterval 1h
#ServerKeyBits 1024

# Logging
# obsoletes QuietMode and FascistLogging
#SyslogFacility AUTH
SyslogFacility AUTHPRIV
#LogLevel INFO

# Authentication:

#LoginGraceTime 2m
PermitRootLogin no
#StrictModes yes
#MaxAuthTries 6
#MaxSessions 10

#RSAAuthentication yes
#PubkeyAuthentication yes
#AuthorizedKeysFile .ssh/authorized_keys
#AuthorizedKeysCommand none
#AuthorizedKeysCommandRunAs nobody

# For this to work you will also need host keys in /etc/ssh/ssh_known_hosts
#RhostsRSAAuthentication no
# similar for protocol version 2
#HostbasedAuthentication no
# Change to yes if you don't trust ~/.ssh/known_hosts for
# RhostsRSAAuthentication and HostbasedAuthentication
#IgnoreUserKnownHosts no
# Don't read the user's ~/.rhosts and ~/.shosts files
IgnoreRhosts yes

# To disable tunneled clear text passwords, change to no here!
#PasswordAuthentication yes
#PermitEmptyPasswords no
PasswordAuthentication yes

# Change to no to disable s/key passwords
#ChallengeResponseAuthentication yes
ChallengeResponseAuthentication no

# Kerberos options
#KerberosAuthentication no
#KerberosOrLocalPasswd yes
#KerberosTicketCleanup yes
#KerberosGetAFSToken no
#KerberosUseKuserok yes

# GSSAPI options
GSSAPIAuthentication yes
GSSAPICleanupCredentials yes
#GSSAPIStrictAcceptorCheck yes
#GSSAPIKeyExchange no

# Set this to 'yes' to enable PAM authentication, account processing,
# and session processing. If this is enabled, PAM authentication will
# be allowed through the ChallengeResponseAuthentication and
# PasswordAuthentication.  Depending on your PAM configuration,
# PAM authentication via ChallengeResponseAuthentication may bypass
# the setting of "PermitRootLogin without-password".
# If you just want the PAM account and session checks to run without
# PAM authentication, then enable this but set PasswordAuthentication
# and ChallengeResponseAuthentication to 'no'.
#UsePAM no
UsePAM yes

# Accept locale-related environment variables
AcceptEnv LANG LC_CTYPE LC_NUMERIC LC_TIME LC_COLLATE LC_MONETARY LC_MESSAGES
AcceptEnv LC_PAPER LC_NAME LC_ADDRESS LC_TELEPHONE LC_MEASUREMENT
AcceptEnv LC_IDENTIFICATION LC_ALL LANGUAGE
AcceptEnv XMODIFIERS

#AllowAgentForwarding yes
#AllowTcpForwarding yes
#GatewayPorts no
X11Forwarding no
#X11DisplayOffset 10
#X11UseLocalhost yes
#PrintMotd yes
PrintLastLog yes
#TCPKeepAlive yes
#UseLogin no
#UsePrivilegeSeparation yes
#PermitUserEnvironment no
#Compression delayed
#ClientAliveInterval 0
#ClientAliveCountMax 3
#ShowPatchLevel no
#UseDNS yes
#PidFile /var/run/sshd.pid
#MaxStartups 10:30:100
#PermitTunnel no
#ChrootDirectory none

# no default banner path
#Banner none

# Set Ciphers and MACs
Ciphers aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr
MACs hmac-ripemd160,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,[email protected]

# no reverse lookups
UseDNS no

# override default of no subsystems
Subsystem   sftp    /usr/libexec/openssh/sftp-server
# Subsystem sftp    internal-sftp

Match User ycicle
	AllowTCPForwarding no
	X11Forwarding no
#    ChrootDirectory /var/opt/shared
#    ForceCommand internal-sftp
#    ForceCommand /opt/yce/bin/cpsh.pl

/etc/ssh/sftp_config

## MySecureShell Configuration File ##
#Default rules for everybody
<Default>
    GlobalDownload      0 #total speed download for all clients
                    # o -> bytes   k -> kilo bytes   m -> mega bytes
    GlobalUpload        0   #total speed download for all clients (0 for unlimited)
    Download        0  #limit speed download for each connection
    Upload          0   #unlimit speed upload for each connection
    StayAtHome      true    #limit client to his home
    VirtualChroot       true    #fake a chroot to the home account
    LimitConnection     50  #max connection for the server sftp
    LimitConnectionByUser   50   #max connection for the account
    LimitConnectionByIP 2   #max connection by ip for the account
#ey Home            /home/$USER #overrite home of the user but if you want you can use
                        #   environment variable (ie: Home /home/$USER)
    IdleTimeOut     5m  #(in second) deconnect client is idle too long time
    ResolveIP       true    #resolve ip to dns
#   IgnoreHidden        true    #treat all hidden files as if they don't exist
#   DirFakeUser     true    #Hide real file/directory owner (just change displayed permissions)
#   DirFakeGroup        true    #Hide real file/directory group (just change displayed permissions)
#   DirFakeMode     0400    #Hide real file/directory rights (just change displayed permissions)
                    #Add execution right for directory if read right is set
    HideNoAccess        true    #Hide file/directory which user has no access
#   MaxOpenFilesForUser 20  #limit user to open x files on same time
#   MaxWriteFilesForUser    10  #limit user to x upload on same time
#   MaxReadFilesForUser 10  #limit user to x download on same time
    DefaultRights       0640 0750   #Set default rights for new file and new directory
#   MinimumRights       0400 0700   #Set minimum rights for files and dirs

    ShowLinksAsLinks    false   #show links as their destinations
#   ConnectionMaxLife   1d  #limits connection lifetime to 1 day

#   Charset         "ISO-8859-15"   #set charset of computer
#EY
    Shell           /opt/yce/bin/cpsh.pl
    Home            /var/opt/shared/
</Default>

<User ycicle>
    Shell           /opt/yce/bin/cpsh.pl
    Home            /var/opt/shared/
    VirtualChroot       true
    ResolveIP       false
    IgnoreHidden        true
    ShowLinksAsLinks    false
</User>

#Rules only for group ftp
#<Group ftp>
#   Download    25 k/s
#   LogFile     /var/log/sftp-server_ftp.log    #Change logfile
#   ExpireDate  "2007-02-28 18:31:01"
#</Group>

#<Group sftp_administrator>
#   IsAdmin     true        #can admin the server
#   VirtualChroot   false       #you must disable chroot to have a full support of admin
#   StayAtHome  true
#   IdleTimeOut 0
#</Group>

#<Group old_client>
#   SftpProtocol        3   #force protocol SFTP
#   DisableAccount      true    #disable account
#</Group>

#Rules only for group ftpnolimit
#<Group ftpnolimit>
#   Download        0   #0 = unlimited
#   IdleTimeOut     0   #no timeout
#   DirFakeUser     false   #show real user on file/directory
#   DirFakeGroup        false   #show real group on file/directory
#   DirFakeMode     0   #show real rights on file/directory
#   MaxReadFilesForUser 0   #0 = unlimited but still have the restriction MaxOpenFilesForUser
#</Group>

#<IpRange 192.168.0.1-192.168.0.5>
#   ByPassGlobalDownload    true    #bypass GlobalDownload restriction
#   ByPassGlobalUpload  true    #bypass GlobalUpload restriction
#   Download        0
#   DisableAccount      false   #enable account
#   IdleTimeOut     0   #disable timeout
#   LimitConnectionByIP 0   #no limit
#</IpRange>

#<Group trusted_users>
#   Shell       /bin/tcsh   #give a shell access to TRUSTED clients !!!
#</Group>

#<VirtualHost *:22>
#   DirFakeUser false   #show real user on file/directory
#   DirFakeGroup    false   #show real group on file/directory
#   DirFakeMode 0   #show real rights on file/directory
#   HideNoAccess    false
#   IgnoreHidden    false
#</VirtualHost>

#Include /etc/my_sftp_config_file   #include this valid configuration file

/etc/systemd/system/chronyd.service.d/yce

[Service]
PrivateTmp=no

MySQL

copy the mysql_10.3.tgz to the system

systemctl stop mariadb.service
rm -rf /var/opt/mysql
tar xzpf mysql_10.3.tgz -C /var/opt
chown -R yce:nms /var/opt/mysql

net_setup & yce_setup

sudo /opt/yce/system/net_setup.pl

/opt/yce/system/yce_setup.pl

Service activation

sudo systemctl enable postfix
sudo systemctl enable yce_psmon
sudo systemctl enable sshd
sudo systemctl enable syslog-ng
sudo systemctl enable rpcbind
sudo systemctl enable rpcbind.socket
sudo systemctl enable snmpd
sudo systemctl disable firewalld
sudo systemctl start postfix
sudo systemctl start yce_psmon
sudo systemctl start sshd
sudo systemctl start syslog-ng
sudo systemctl start rpcbind
sudo systemctl start rpcbind.socket
sudo systemctl start snmpd

Mysql repair

/opt/yce/system/mysql_repair.sh

Verify mysql is running else execute again.

Install yce_patches

cd /opt/yce/system
./patch_install.pl

csv_api.ini optional

wget https://wiki.netyce.com/lib/exe/fetch.php/maintenance:downloads:system_updates:csv_api.ini -O /opt/yce/etc/csv_api.ini

cleanup, if needed

rm /opt/yce/etc/ignore_*

reboot

sudo reboot
maintenance/general/rhel_installation_guide.txt · Last modified: 2021/04/14 07:44 by bdorlandt