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guides:user:l3vpn:l3vpn

L3 VPN Example

This is a very detailed example on how to build a L3 VPN, but could be anything, from scratch. This includes service types, templates, relations, scenarios, jobs, etc…

L3 VPN Create

The use case for which we are going to develop an end to end workflow is of provisioning a L3VPN. The Topology is as shown below.

  • SW1, R1, R2, R3 and R4 are P Routers in a CSP named CSP
  • PE1 and PE2 are PE routers
  • The CE routers CEA1 for CustA and CEB1 for CustB are connected to PE1
  • Similarly, the CE routers CEA2 for CustA and CEB2 for CustB are connected to PE1

CustA want a L3VPN from CEA1 to CEA2 and CustB want a L3VPN from CEB1 to CEB2.

To go about delivering L3VPNs in CSP network, we have to perform following steps.

  1. Create Service Type
  2. Create Template
  3. Create Relation
  4. Create Job
  5. (optional) Create Form.

Some populating the database steps are necessary before we start with Service Type. They are:

  1. Create Client Type
  2. Create Site Type
  3. Add IPv4 Plan(s) and Assign it to Client Type

Step 1

  • Create Client Type
  • Provide details below :
    • Client Type : CSP
    • Description : Communications Service Provider

Step 2

  • Create Site Type
  • Create three Site Types.
  1. for CE (with Static Routing and No Redundancy)
  2. for PE
  3. for CE (generic)

Static_No_Redundancy

  • Site Type: Static_No_Redundancy
  • Caption: Static_No_Redundancy

PE

  • Site Type: PE
  • Caption: PE

CE

  • Site Type: CE
  • Caption: CE

Step 3

  • Create Service Class
  • Now edit the Site Type “Static_No_Redundancy”
  • And add the two Site Types PE and CE recently created to Service Class by clicking the button “New”

Step 4

Create Node Class and Node Types We need to create two Node class and node types for PE and CE respectively as below:

PE_C7600

  • Client Type : CSP
  • Service Class : PE
  • Node Class: PE_C7600

CE_ISR3800

  • Client Type : CSP
  • Service Class : CE
  • Node Class: CE_ISR3800

Step 5

Create Node Types

C7600

  • Client Type: CSP
  • Node Class: PE_C7600
  • Node Type: C7600

ISR3800

  • Client Type: CSP
  • Node Class: CE_ISR3800
  • Node Type: ISR3800

Now, for both the Node Types, Pls edit/update the following details

For Node Type: C7600
  • Parameter: Template
  • Function: literal
  • Value1: C7600
  • Parameter: Node_Position
  • Function: literal
  • Value1: NA
  • Parameter: Domain
  • Function: literal
  • Value1: BOM
  • Parameter: Enable_secret
  • Function: literal
  • Value1: netyce01 (must match what is on the real device's enable password)
For Node Type: ISR3800
  • Parameter: Template
  • Function: literal
  • Value1: isr3800
  • Parameter: Node_Position
  • Function: literal
  • Value1: ZA
  • Parameter: Domain
  • Function: literal
  • Value1: BOM
  • Parameter: Enable_secret
  • Function: literal
  • Value1: netyce01 (must match what is on the real device's enable password)

Step 6

Create IPv4 Plans
Click New and provide following details:

Loopbacks

PE_Loopback

  • First IP Plan is for Loopbacks (for P, CE and PE routers)
  • Plan Size: 24
  • Description: PE_Loopback
Subnets

Under Subnets section, create following subnets

  • Subnet Name: P_Loopbacks
  • Subnet size: 32
  • Start IP: 0.0.0.1
  • End IP: 0.0.0.5
Subnet Plans

Under Subnet Plans section, create a new “Loopback Reference” plan with loopback reference as “lo0”

CE_Loopback

  • Subnet Name: CE_Loopback
  • Subnet size: 32
  • Start IP: 0.0.0.6
  • End IP: 0.0.0.10

Under Subnet Plans section, create a new “Loopback Reference” plan with loopback reference as “lo0”

PE_Loopback

  • Subnet Name: PE_Loopbacks
  • Subnet size: 32
  • Start IP: 0.0.0.11
  • End IP: 0.0.0.255

Under Subnet Plans section, create a new “Loopback Reference” plan with loopback reference as “lo0”

PE_CE

2nd IPV4 plan is for PE_CE links

  • Plan Size: 24
  • Description: PE_CE
Subnets

Under Subnets section, create following subnets

  • Subnet Name: PE_CE
  • Subnet size: 30
  • Start IP: 0.0.0.0
  • End IP: 0.0.0.255
Subnet Plans

Under Subnet Plans section, create a new “Point-to-point” plan

Template

We need to create several templates
1) vrf template
2) port templates
3) sub templates
4) Main templates

vrf template

templatetemplate typevendor typemodel name
vrf_templateportCisco_IOSvrf

Template text:

ip vrf <vrf_Name>
rd <Vrf_rd>
route-target both <Vrf_rt>
Note: As with all templates, do not forget to set your new template to the 'production' state

port templates

templatetemplate typevendor typemodel name
AddVrfportCisco_iosEthernet

Template text:

#reload PE_CE_nets
interface <Port_type><Slot_id>/<Port_id>
ip vrf forwarding <Vrf_name>
ip address <If_ip_N> <Net_mask>
no shut

Sub templates

templatetypevendor
addMPbgpautomationCisco_IOS

Template text:

router bgp <Rtg_bgp_as>
address-family ipv4 vrf <Vrf_name>
redistribute static
redistribute connected
!
!
!

Service Type

Following Service Types need to be created
AddCE: To Add a CE with its loopback address
AddPE: To Add a PE with its loopback address
Create: To Create a L3VPN on a PE to PE basis

AddCE

Client Type: CSP
Service Class: CE
Service Type: api
Service Task: AddCE

Seq Exec Class Scope Match Value Alias Comments
1 LOCATE CLIENT CURRENT CLIENT_CODE (client) <customer>
2 ADD SITE <customer> SITE_CODE (site) <ce.site>
3 ADD SERVICE <ce.site> CURRENT AddCE <ce.svc>
4 ADD NODE <ce.svc> NODE_TYPE ISR3800 <ce.node>
5 ASSIGN NODE <ce.node> NODE_NAME (ce.name)
6 ASSIGN NODE <ce.node> TEMPLATE ISR
7 ADD PORT <ce.node> LOOPBACK Lo0 <ce.lo0>
8 ADD SUBNET <ce.svc> NET_NAME CE_Loopback <ce.subnet>
9 LOCATE ADDRESS <ce.subnet> ADDRESS_FIRSTFREE <ce.add>
10 ASSIGN ADDRESS <ce.add> PORT <ce.lo0>

AddPE

Client Type: CSP
Service Class: PE
Service Type: api
Service Task: AddPE

Seq Exec Class Scope Match Value Alias Comments
1 LOCATE CLIENT CURRENT CLIENT_CODE (client) <client>
2 ADD SITE <client> SITE_CODE (site) <site>
3 ADD SERVICE <site> CURRENT (pe.site) <addpe.svc>
4 ASSIGN SERVICE <addpe.svc> SERVICE_NAME AddPE
4 ADD NODE <addpe.svc> NODE_TYPE C7600 <pe.node>
5 ASSIGN NODE <pe.node> NODE_NAME (pe.name)
6 ASSIGN NODE <pe.node> TEMPLATE c7600
7 ADD PORT <pe.node> LOOPBACK Lo0 <pe.lo0>
8 ADD SUBNET <addpe.svc> NET_NAME PE_Loopbacks <pe.loopback>
9 LOCATE ADDRESS <pe.loopback> PICK_FORCED (pe.lo0.ip) <pe.lo0.ip>
10 ASSIGN ADDRESS <pe.lo0.ip> PORT <pe.lo0>
11 LOCATE PORT <pe.node> PORT_TEMPLATE_FIRSTNOTOPO AddVrf <pe.port>
12 ADD SUBNET <addpe.svc> NET_NAME PE_CE <pe.ce.subnet>
13 LOCATE NODE GLOBAL NODE_NAME (ce.node) <ce.node>
14 LOCATE PORT <ce.node> PORT_TEMPLATE_FIRSTNOTOPO ISR3800 <ce.port>
15 ADD LINK <pe.port> PORT <ce.port> <pe.ce.link>
16 ASSIGN SUBNET <pe.ce.subnet> LINK <pe.ce.link>
17 ADD VRF <ce.node> VRF_NAME (vrf) <ce.vrf>
18 ADD VRF <pe.node> VRF_NAME (vrf) <pe.vrf>
19 ASSIGN SUBNET <pe.ce.subnet> VRF <ce.vrf>
20 ASSIGN SUBNET <pe.ce.subnet> VRF <pe.vrf>

Create

Client Type: CSP
Service Class: PE
Service Type: api
Service Task: Create

Seq Exec Class Scope Match Value Alias Comments
1 LOCATE CLIENT CURRENT CLIENT_CODE (client) <client>
2 ADD SITE <client> SITE_CODE (site) <site>
3 LOCATE SERVICE GLOBAL NODE (pe.node) <pe.l3vpn.svc>
4 LOCATE NODE GLOBAL NODE_NAME (pe.node) <pe.node>
5 LOCATE PORT <pe.node> PORT_TEMPLATE_FIRSTNOTOPO AddVrf <pe.port>
6 ADD SUBNET <pe.l3vpn.svc> NET_NAME PE_CE <pe.ce.subnet>
7 LOCATE NODE GLOBAL NODE_NAME (ce.node) <ce.name>
8 LOCATE PORT <ce.node> PORT_TEMPLATE_FIRSTNOTOPO ISR3800 <ce.port>
9 ADD LINK <pe.port> PORT <ce.port> <pe.ce.link>
10 ASSIGN NODE <pe.node> NODE_POSITION NA
11 ASSIGN NODE <pe.node> NODE_POSITION ZA
12 ADD VRF <ce.node> VRF_NAME (vrf) <ce.vrf>
13 ADD VRF <pe.node> VRF_NAME (vrf) <pe.vrf>
14 ASSIGN VRF <vrf> VRF_TEMPLATE vrf_template
15 ASSIGN VRF <vrf> SUBNET <pe.ce.subnet>

Relations

Relations are required to fetch information out of the database. Here this use case assumes we have PE, CE and VRF information with us beforehand

Thus with the variables at hand, how can we retrieve other parameters which the Job will need. For e.g, we shall need the PE Interface Name as an input, this will be retrieved using relations

Name:PE_CE_nets
Description: Show all connected ptp subnets to CE's from PE.
SQL:

SELECT DISTINCT Port_map.Port_type, Port_map.Slot_id, Port_map.Port_id, Port_map.Port_template, 
	Port_map_1.Hostname AS Rem_hostname, SiteRouter.Node_position AS Rem_node_position,  
	Ip_subnet.Net_name, Ip_map.Ip_parameter, Ip_subnet.Net_address, Ip_subnet.Net_size, 
	Ip_subnet.Net_mask, Ip_subnet.Net_ip_gateway, Ip_subnet.Net_ip_NA, Ip_subnet.Net_ip_NB, 
	Ip_subnet.Net_ip_ZA, Ip_subnet.Net_ip_ZV, Ip_subnet.Net_ip_ZB,  Ip_subnet.If_ip_N, 
	Ip_subnet.If_ip_Z, Ip_subnet.If_ip_A, Ip_subnet.If_ip_B, Ip_subnet.If_loopback, 
	Node_vrf.Vrf_name 
FROM (((((Port_map  
INNER JOIN Topo_map ON Port_map.Interface_id = Topo_map.Interface_id)  
INNER JOIN Topo_map AS Topo_map_1 ON Topo_map.Topo_id = Topo_map_1.Topo_id)  
INNER JOIN Port_map AS Port_map_1 ON Topo_map_1.Interface_id = Port_map_1.Interface_id)  
INNER JOIN SiteRouter ON Port_map_1.Hostname = SiteRouter.Hostname)  
INNER JOIN Port_map AS Port_map_2 ON SiteRouter.Hostname = Port_map_2.Hostname)  
INNER JOIN (Ip_map  
INNER JOIN Ip_subnet ON Ip_map.Subnet_id = Ip_subnet.Subnet_id) ON Port_map_2.Interface_id = Ip_map.Interface_id 
LEFT JOIN Node_vrf ON Ip_subnet.Vrf_id = Node_vrf.Vrf_id  
WHERE Port_map.Hostname = '<hostname>'  
	AND Port_map_1.Interface_id != Port_map.Interface_id  
	AND Ip_subnet.Net_name = 'PE_CE' 
ORDER BY Port_map_1.Hostname

The output (for e.g is below) :

And if we scroll to right to see the remaining columns
We can spot the IP addresses assigned and the VRF name too.

Command Job


As shown in the snapshot, The Command Job has two sections
1) Commands:
2) Scenario

The Commands section has below:

{<[email protected]_vrf>, Node_vrf, Vrf_name = '<Vrf_name>'}
!
{<[email protected]_CE_nets>, PE_CE_nets, Rem_hostname = '<CE_node>'}
!
{addMPbgp}

The {<[email protected]_vrf>, Node_vrf, Vrf_name = '<Vrf_name>'}
Here <[email protected]_vrf> is substituted with the lines in the Vrf_template by querying the relation Node_vrf.
Whilst Node_vrf returns a lot of columns, we are interested in Vrf_template and Node_vrf variable's values which are substituted in the Vrf_template's execution, PROVIDED Vrf_name = value_of_vrf_specified_in_Scenario
In other words
<[email protected]_vrf> will give the assigned vrf template which will be called upon. The variables within that template are filled with the values in Node_vrf (the second part of the function) per line. The last part in the function (optional) will filter the query output with the assigned value.

For e.g, this is the output we expect from the above line:

ip vrf CustA 
rd  172.31.0.11:1 
route-target both 65001:1
!

Here in the {<[email protected]_CE_nets>, PE_CE_nets, Rem_hostname = '<CE_node>'} line, we substitute the Port_template value from the relation PE_CE_nets
We also then expand the lines in the Port_template and start substituting parameters in PE_CE_nets PROVIDED Rem_hostname = value_of_CE_hostname_specified_in_Scenario

For e.g, this is the output we expect from the above line:

interface Ethernet1/2 
ip vrf forwarding CustA  
ip address  5.5.5.1  255.255.255.252 
no shut

In the {addMPbgp} line, we are calling addMPbgp template. All the values in the variables within addMPbgp template are substituted by either explicit input provided in the Scenario.
For e.g, this is the output we expect from the above line:

router bgp 65001 
address-family ipv4 vrf CustA 
redistribute static 
redistribute connected 
! 

Thus we have shown how to deploy L3 VPN on a PE for a set of parameters…

Scheduling the Job

This is the last part of the howto where the rubber meets the road. Here, the jobs are scheduled as per the time of the day, day of the week OR
NoW
And the device gets configured as per schedule.

We can see the session transaction log in Operate ⇒ Job Logs:

PE1#show privilege 
Current privilege level is 15 
PE1#show privilege 
Current privilege level is 15 
PE1#configure terminal 
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
PE1(config)#ip vrf CustA 
PE1(config-vrf)#rd 172.31.0.11:1 
PE1(config-vrf)#route-target both 65001:1 
PE1(config-vrf)#! 
PE1(config-vrf)#interface Ethernet1/2
PE1(config-if)#ip vrf forwarding CustA 
PE1(config-if)#ip address 5.5.5.1 255.255.255.252 
PE1(config-if)#no shut 
PE1(config-if)#! 
PE1(config-if)#router bgp 65001 
PE1(config-router)# address-family ipv4 vrf CustA 
PE1(config-router-af)#  redistribute static 
PE1(config-router-af)#  redistribute connected 
PE1(config-router-af)#  ! 
PE1(config-router-af)# ! 
PE1(config-router-af)#! 
PE1(config-router-af)#end 
PE1#

Modify and delete

Here are two more articles that explain the modification and deletion of the L3VPN.

guides/user/l3vpn/l3vpn.txt · Last modified: 2019/12/24 09:08 by bdorlandt