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NetYCE Documentation


Queue Operation

Each NetYCE front-end server uses a job scheduler that can operate several queues. One queue might suffice but assigning some job-types to a separate queue could prevent many small, quick jobs to be kept pending due to one or two lengthy jobs.

The queues available and the assignment of the various job types to its queue is configured per server in the XML file /opt/yce/etc/tool_setup.xml. This file currently needs to be edited manually for each server, a future release will include a maintenance tool for this purpose.

The default queue-definitions section has tree queues. The 'yce' queue is the default, the 'ios' queue is intended for long slow jobs like the (I)OS-upgrades of devices and the 'evpn' queue is an example of a customized queue where jobs are paced more slowly:

        <queue name="yce" done_age="180" cancel_age="1800" job_int="2" max_run="50" max_wait="3600" />
        <queue name="ios" done_age="180" cancel_age="1800" job_int="5" max_run="20" max_wait="3600" />
        <queue name="evpn" done_age="180" cancel_age="1800" job_int="20" max_run="50" max_wait="3600" />

The assignment of the job types to their queues is done in each of the job-type sections:

    <command_job job_type="command_job" queue="yce">

See the section on job configuration in Job Configuration

Queue Configuration

The NetYCE scheduler accepts jobs for a queue one at the time. The job submission includes a requested start time on that queue. That requested time can be up to 10 days in advance, but never in the past. It doesn't matter if a hundred jobs a submitted in sequence al requesting the same starting time (usually the maintenance window start time) since the scheduler will find the first available slot at or after the requested time.

Such a 'free slot' is located using the queue-parameter job_int that defines the job interval in seconds. A value of 2 indicates that every 2 seconds a job may start on this queue. Of-course, jobs take longer than 2 seconds to execute, but since up to max_run may run in parallel, this setting mostly controls how quickly may start to prevent clogging the system. Two seconds is recommended as the minimum value for job_int.

When selecting values for job_int, please be aware that this value is used to divide the 60-second minute into slots. Using an interval that does not align with the 60-seconds will cause inconsistent queue behaviour. Therefore you should select job-int from the values: 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, or 60.

The value for the max_run is set default at '50', allowing up to 50 jobs in parallel. It was found that this value is usually adequate to perform adequately. But should jobs should rely on intensive database usage (caused by complex relationships for example) or a large number of simultaneous users must be supported, the value might have to be tuned down or the server hardware upgraded.

Please see the section Estimating Jobs per hour below on the impact of job_int on the estimated jobs-per hour performance of the server.

max_wait variable

At outlined, the queue will launch every job_int seconds a new job up to the max_run jobs in parallel. If max_run is reached, the job will not be started until one of the jobs in any of the 'tracks' is completed. Meanwhile this job is put in the “Waiting” state. Only when a slot opened up, the job will be launched and assume the “Running” state.

to avoid these 'delayed' jobs starting their changes at an inappropriate time, the max_wait variable monitors the time spent in the “Waiting” state. If this time exceeds the max_wait time (in seconds), then the job will removed from the queue and flagged as ““Expired” and put into the “Suspended” state. By default this time is an hour (3600 seconds).

The time_wait variable is normally set ti the duration of the standard maintenance window. Please note that the time-wait is calculated from the scheduled start time as assigned to the job, not the requested time. When submitting 900 jobs using a job_int = 2, the last job will be scheduled to start an half hour after the first, causing the time_wait to kick in 1.5 hours after the first job.

done_age and cancel_age variables

The done_age and cancel_age queue variables have on impact on the queue behaviour but deal strictly with the time a job is visible in the job-list after it is completed (done_age) or was canceled (cancel_age).

The defaults are 3 minutes (180 seconds) and half an hour (1800 seconds) respectively.

Estimating Jobs per hour

With a job_int=2 and max_run=50 some observations can be made. Given an average job-duration of 20 seconds the queue will have completed 25.5 jobs in the first minute and continues to process 30 jobs a minute thereafter. And, because the 1st job will have finished by the time the 10th can be started (2 secs between 10 jobs = 20 secs, the avg duration), no more than 10 jobs will have been running in parallel (tracks). At this rate the queue will execute about 1800 jobs per hour.

It proves that the average job-duration has no impact on the number of jobs-per-hour (if there was no max_run limit). This figure is controlled primarily by the job_int (and the max_run) value. The table below demonstrates this:

variable case for each job-duration
job_int 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
job_dur 10 20 30 40 60 120 180
tracks 5 10 15 20 30 (60) 50 (90) 50
jobs/min*track 6 3 2 1.5 1 0.5 0.33
jobs/min 30 30 30 30 30 25 16.66
jobs/hour 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800 1500 1000

The limitation max_run poses is only observed for the longer job durations, for the faster jobs it has no effect and the jobs-per hour equals '3600/job_int'.

The same calculation for the situation where job_int is set to '4' seconds. The number of jobs-per hour drops to about 900.

variable case for each job-duration
job_int 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
job_dur 10 20 30 40 60 120 180
tracks 2.5 5 7.5 10 15 30 45
jobs/min*track 6 3 2 1.5 1 0.5 0.33
jobs/min 15 15 25 15 15 15 15
jobs/hour 900 900 900 900 900 900 900

In general the impact of modifying the job_int on the number of jobs-per hour can be summarized as follows:

variable case for each job_int
job_int 1 2 3 4 5 6 10 12 15 20 30 60
jobs/min 60 30 20 15 12 10 6 5 4 3 2 1
jobs/hour 3600 1800 1200 900 720 600 360 300 240 180 120 60

guides/reference/jobs/queue_operation.txt · Last modified: 2019/12/23 14:34 (external edit)